Hours of Service

In 2011, FMCSA – Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration – passed a rule for truck drivers on limitations and guidelines they need to follow in order to avoid violations – also known as – “Hours of Service.”

Per FMCSA, these are the stated guidelines:

  • All drivers have an 11-Hour Driving Limit:
    May drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty.
  • Per 14-Hour Limit:
    Drivers may not drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. (Off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour period.)
  • Rest Breaks:
    May drive only if 8 hours or less have passed since end of driver’s last off (duty or sleeper berth period of at least 30 minutes.)
  • Sleeper Berth:
    Drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two.

Sources: “Summary of Hours of Service Regulations.” Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, United States Department of Transportation, 30 Dec. 2013, www.fmcsa.dot.gov/regulations/hours-service/summary-hours-service-regulations.